The Animated History of Scotland

The Animated History of Scotland


Scotland is a country north of England on the island known as Great Britain. It’s worth knowing that although the country has been united with the English since 1707, it’s very important that if you ever visit, don’t call them British. Celtic people arrived on the British Isles in the first millenium BC and spread to form the Britonic, Gaelish and Pictish people, who all hated each other for some reason. This lasted until 43AD, by which time the Romans were having so much fun conquering stuff they decided to make it a thing. The Picts proved very difficult to conquer, and the Romans were unable to invade the Highlands in an area called Caledonia. The name Caledonia probably originating from one of the Pictish tribes called the Caledonii. Emperor Hadrian of Rome built a fortified wall to defend against the Picts. By the time the Romans left in 450 AD the south of Britain was conquered by the Germanic Anglo-saxons. Scotland by this time was politically divided into four kingdoms: The Celtic Picts, Scotti and Alt Clut, and the Anglo-saxon kingdom of Bernicia. Scotland later shamelessly stole its name from the Scotti who were actually originally from Ireland. Bernicia eventually become Northumbria, and when the Vikings invaded it became the Kingdom of York. The Gaels in the picture united under a dude called Kenneth Macalpin to form the Kingdom of Alba. It is worthwhile to note that most of Europe were fighting against the Vikings in the 10th century. Scotland, not wanting to be left out, joined in. The Vikings were defeated in 927 by the newly-formed Kingdom of England who then continued to invade north into Scotland. The Kingdom of Alba, Strathclyde and Dublin united against the English but were defeated in 937. The two kingdoms made their peace and Strathclyde was annexed by Alba in 945. The next two centuries is basically war with England. Fast-forwarding to William Wallace. After the death of King Alexander who left no heirs King Edward of England appointed John Balliol as King of Scotland in 1292. Then Edward was like: To which John called up the French King and was like: And Edward was like: Then this guy named William Wallace says And kicks the English posterior all the way back to London. The English later killed Wallace and two more wars were fought, but the Scots eventually gained independence from the English in 1357. In 1371 King James III gained the Orkney and Shetland Islands in a dowry. He became engaged to Margaret of Denmark. Around this time Scottish Gaelic had died out to a regional language, largely being replaced by the Germanic Middle English. In the early 16th century Scotland became influenced by the teachings of Luther and Calvin, who were like: To which the Scots replied And so the Presbyterian church was born, solidifying Scotland as a Protestant nation. In 1603 Elizabeth I died without an heir, leaving her cousin, James VI, as King of England, Scotland and Lord of Ireland in a personal union. Time to get messy. James & his son King Charles attempted to create more political and religious unity among the three nations who couldn’t reach any compromises. Rebellions are sparked all over the Isles, which began the English Civil War and the War of the Three Kingdoms resulting in England’s victory and dominance in British politics. There’s a lot more to cover here, but the war was so needlessly complicated that there’s no way I could cover it in enough detail here. In 1707, after a failed attempt at colonialism by Scotland, the Acts of Union were passed between the English and Scottish to merge the two countries in a political union, forming the Kingdom of Great Britain. The Scottish economy and Parliament were dissolved and absorbed by London while retaining Scottish law and religion. The Union brought in a lot of money to the Scots, who became part of the growing British Empire. After a brief Jacobite uprising, Scotland saw growth and prosperity. In the 1800s Scotland prospered under the Enlightenment and Industrial Revolution, to become a strong manufacturing economy. The Scots fought in WWI and WWII under the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1999, Scotland was granted devolved powers. a step towards independence while remaining in the Union. The Scottish National Party became the majority government in the Scottish Parliament in 2011 and a referendum was held on Scottish independence in 2014. Scotland voted to remain part of the United Kingdom, along with being granted further devolved powers. In 2016, after Scotland voted to remain in the European Union while the rest of Great Britain voted to leave, Scotland has shown increased support for a second independence referendum to be held within the next two years. Where shall we go to next? Comment below, and don’t forget to like and subscribe. We’ll see you next time.

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  1. What’s you last words

    Freedom

    Well that’s no historically accurate

    I’ve never seen something so 4th wall breaking

  2. Ta be honest I dinnae care if I get called British but calling me English is basically demanding a war😅

  3. England, Wales and Scotland are successful working together so I’m unsure why Scotland wants independence. It’s not exactly like Scotland is ruled by England anyway as Scotland has its own seat in government, own laws, own taxes, own eduction, own branch of the military and its own trade.

  4. Published on 5 Oct 2016

    4 years later..

    Pinned by Suibhne
    Suibhne
    If anyone wants to see me at VidCon Australia check out this video: https://youtu.be/Bnxc-ApC208
    1 year ago
    52

  5. Most videos from your channel says about europian countries please make videos for asian countries sir

  6. WALES WALES WALES.WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES WALES DO WALES NOW

  7. As much as I love my northern England neighbors, it's time for Scotland to get away from London rule, come on guys don't forget about "the vow"

  8. Scotland is nothing without the rest of the UK, they have no allies, no set trade deals, they would not be allowed to join the EU, they would whither and die

  9. Scotland had a major food shortages in 1640 and the Scottish Protestant presbyterian had to flee to Ireland to be fed by the Irish people but they ended up staying And still won't leave

  10. Animated history should have mentioned a terrible part of Scottish history, the Highland Clearances where Scottish Highlanders were kicked out of their homes, left with almost nothing, banned from practicing their culture, and forced to migrate across the Atlantic to Canada and USA, including Nova Scotia (New Scotland) where over 30% of that Canadian province's population have Highland Scottish ancestry.

  11. This is utter rubbish. I guess that's what happens when the producer hasn't read any history at all. Too much to go on here, but I advise getting your history from a bus timetable as a greater authority.

  12. 0:33 the wall wasn't built to prevent invasion but to track populations going through the checkpoints, there where entire tribes that theoretically where tributaries to Rome that wall wall cut straight through their territory. They did this to have a more direct oversight of what these rebellious tribes where doing.
    Rome had far superior methods to deal with invasions of tribes, for the purpose of preventing future tribal invasion a 90 mile wall isn't on the roman top 3 tactics.
    Rome could just never spare the numbers needed to pacify a tribal area the size of Scotland. One time they came close but politics got in the way of that.

  13. You mean "don't call them english" british is fine because its in British isles

  14. 0:10 thanks for reminding people, I hate being called British but being called English is worse (if u call me that then u have a death wish)

  15. Scottish Independence will be won! You're false saying we were granted powers after voting to remain in the UK, we were lied to and back-stabbed, not 1 promise was upheld. Most people voted to stay in the Union as we were told going independent may mean we would have to leave the EU. Then England decided to leave the EU a few years later, forcing us out as well.

  16. You should remake the Scottish one because making it in to 4 minutes is abit of a joke we have so much history and you could make a way longer better video about it.

  17. There was so much that happen between the Vikings and William Wallace! lol. Great sum up. We are focusing on the civil war in the 1100's.

  18. they are british just don't call them english/anglo-saxons but don't call irish, british as the irish are not in britain but are in eiru

  19. Hadrian: make the roman empire great again build a wall a make the Scots pay for it also kick out the germanic people.

  20. If any scots voted to remained in the U.K move to england because why would you want to stay in the U.K ?

  21. Imagine saying nothing about Robert Bruce, a national legend, a national hero.

    You may as well just have some t the video calling us English over and over because it's just as offensive.

  22. Scot Gaelic was the main languages of the scotland untill 1750 after that it become less needed for English was the main language. Scot gealic is still used today..even in the citys smh!

  23. We are not British we are Scottish ok we speak with a different accent we live different we have our own Gaelic language we have our own legends and myths English scum

  24. Scots should not speak English in official places, only scotish and gealic Scottish. The scots should respect thier own culture, instead of imperialistic english.

  25. I slowed down the video but for some reason still can't understand what is being sad, just what kinda dialect is this Dx

  26. I desperately hope Scotland leaves England to falter in their dumb ass Brexit decision. Likewise I hope Northern Ireland joins with Ireland in dumping their stupid asses to the curb. Heck, let Wales kick the England the heck out. Let Glasgow and Cardiff prosper as London trips on its own stupidity.

  27. Scotland has not shown Extr support for an other independence referendum. We don't want one!!!! So stop this SNP propaganda

  28. I am from Scotland 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 and do Scotland 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 I do a lot to learn

  29. LONG LIVE SCOTLAND! FREEDOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOM! 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿

  30. If this did not happen we would have gotten pushed northwest to Canada and had family spill blood for the country and don't forget Constantine or Carruthers Clan Royal Family form Scotland.

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