Does your vote count? The Electoral College explained – Christina Greer

Does your vote count? The Electoral College explained – Christina Greer

Translator: tom carter
Reviewer: Bedirhan Cinar Most people have heard of the Electoral College during presidential election years. But what exactly is the Electoral College? Simply said, it is a group of people appointed by each state who formally elect the President and Vice President of the United States. To understand how this process began and how it continues today, we can look at the Constitution of the United States: article two, section one, clause two of the constitution. It specifies how many electors each state is entitled to have. Since 1964, there have been 538 electors in each presidential election. How do they decide on the number 538? Well, the number of electors is equal to the total voting membership of the United States Congress. 435 representatives, plus 100 senators, and 3 electors from the District of Columbia. Essentially, the Democratic candidate and Republican candidate are each trying to add up the electors in every state so that they surpass 270 electoral votes, or just over half the 538 votes, and win the presidency. So how do states even get electoral votes? Each state receives a particular number of electors based on population size. The census is conducted every 10 years, so every time the census happens, states might gain or lose a few electoral votes. Let’s say you’re a voter in California, a state with 55 electoral votes. If your candidate wins in California, they get all 55 of the state’s electoral votes. If your candidate loses, they get none. This is why many presidential candidates want to win states like Texas, Florida, and New York. If you currently add up the electoral votes of those three states, you would have 96 electoral votes. Even if a candidate won North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Wyoming, Vermont, New Hampshire. Connecticut and West Virginia, they would only gain 31 electoral votes total from those eight states. Here is where it can get a little tricky. On a rare occasion, like in the year 2000, someone can win the popular vote but fail to gain 270 electoral votes. This means that the winner may have won and collected their electoral votes by small margins, winning just enough states with just enough electoral votes, but the losing candidate may have captured large voter margins in the remaining states. If this is the case, the very large margins secured by the losing candidate in the other states would add up to over 50% of the ballots cast nationally. Therefore, the losing candidate may have gained more than 50% of the ballots cast by voters, but failed to gain 270 of the electoral votes. Some critics of the electoral college argue the system gives an unfair advantage to states with large numbers of electoral votes. Think of it this way. It is possible for a candidate to not get a single person’s vote — not one vote — in 39 states, or the District of Columbia, yet be elected president by winning the popular vote in just 11 of these 12 states: California, New York, Texas, Florida, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Ohio, Michigan, New Jersey, North Carolina, Georgia or Virginia. This is why both parties pay attention to these states. However, others argue that the electoral college protects small states such as Rhode Island, Vermont and New Hampshire, and even geographically large states with small populations like Alaska, Wyoming and the Dakotas. That’s because a candidate can’t completely ignore small states, because in a close election, every electoral vote counts. There are certain states that have a long history of voting for a particular party. These are known as “safe states.” For the past four election cycles — in 1996, 2000, 2004 and 2008 — Democrats could count on states like Oregon, Maryland, Michigan and Massachusetts, whereas the Republicans could count on states like Mississippi, Alabama, Kansas and Idaho. States that are teetering between between parties are called “swing states.” In the past four election cycles, Ohio and Florida have been swing states, twice providing electoral votes for a Democratic candidate, and twice providing electoral votes for a Republican candidate. Think about it. Do you live in a safe state? If so, is it a Democratic or Republican safe state? Do you live in a swing state? Are your neighboring states swing or safe? Is the population in your state increasing or decreasing? And do not forget, when you are watching the electoral returns on election night every four years and the big map of the United States is on the screen, know that the magic number is 270 and start adding.

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  1. Translation = If you live in a solidly safe state, don't bother voting for president. Your vote will not count. BUT still vote for your representative!!!

  2. There is no "the popular vote". There are 51 separate and unique votes on election day. People vote under the own unique circumstances in their own state. Tallying up those 51 unique elections and calling that a true reflection of a national popular vote is folly. The STATES elect the President NOT the PEOPLE.

  3. The main issue I have with the EC is that forty-eight of the states are winner take all. Which means, it does not matter if the winner won by one vote or five million votes, they would still get the same number of electoral votes. Which is a disservice to all voters, not just those who vote for a candidate in a tightly contested/swing state, because it doesnt give any value to an overwhelming win, either!

    The simplest adjustment that could be made to make the votes of every voter, regardless of state, matter more would be to split the electoral votes in each state by the percentage of the popular vote that each candidate won! Example: If a candidate won sixty percent of the popular vote, then they would get sixty percent of the electoral votes, and assuming the other candidate won forty percent of the PV would then win forty percent of that state’s EVs.

    This election is already shaping itself up to come down to a handful of states (rust belt), and that simplybshould not be acceptable!

    Andrew Yang has presented a similar idea to the one above, and I firmly believe that this would be a great compromise between the EC supporters and the popular vote supporters.

  4. Get rid of the electoral voting system beings our systems are now being rigged and hacked, bought and paid for. Popular votes only. Then it's a fair vote for everyone.

  5. In 2016 Hillary Clinton beat Trump by 2 million votes yet Trump won the electoral vote – to sum it up, your vote really doesn't matter. The electoral college is designed to keep the power in the hands of rich white people

  6. How do we even know any votes are counted? Especially when most places you go to vote are a religious organization with an agenda getting tax free money for using their space they don't pay taxes on.

  7. All that I’m going to say, is the electoral college is why USA has some of the lowest voter turnouts from around the world. Your vote certainly doesn’t matter in the end. Just think if 90-95% of the country actually voted. Electoral college would have no ground to stand on.

  8. I truly understand the electoral college …with that said it is a moot point for the individual vote to be discussed at all…it is just a feel good trick…why bother the results are based on the electors …RIGHT

  9. What do you mean? …..In New York live people of both parties and they should be count each one, like all other eleccions (Senator, Mayor, Governor etc) That is call " Democracy "

  10. Your vote does not actually count. The electoral college was set up bc slaves outnumbered whites in the south when they were allowed to vote. Hence the 3/5 of a human came into play and electoral college was set up, so that the wealthy and powerful could actually decide who wins. In modern times you can consider yourself 3/5 human no matter what color you are if you live in a state with a dense population and low electoral votes. In reality the candidate with the most votes should win, yet they do not always win. I believe Hilary had more votes than Trump yet she lost bc of the electoral votes. So millions of peoples votes did not count. I personally do not vote and could care less who is president bc I am not buying into the conspiracy that your vote actually counts. Do you really think that they would let anyone be president? You need power, money, corporations, etc to be considered. By the time you have achieved enough power and money you are already corrupt and could care less about the common man. To maintain a flourishing economy you always need more worker ants than queen ants. The system is designed to create more worker ants. That is why CEOs of large corporations will take millions of dollars in pay raises to themselves, yet they will not raise the minimum wage so that one person can work and support a family of three. Well, that is it for now I have to go back to work and make the rich richer.

  11. 3:06 what???? that made no sense. "not get 1 vote from a, b, c but win by the popular vote from d, e, f, g, and h" I dont follow. When can someone win by the popular vote?

  12. How can my vote count when the electoral college chooses the president? They take my vote into consideration but it severely limits my power.

    How are these people chosen?

    What's stopping them for being bribed before election?

  13. When counting for the presidency, each vote counts. You can't say that since 6 of 10 wanted a president in a state, the other 4 votes doesn't count for the whole country.

  14. The EC should be abolished, the system is made so that the elections are easier to manipulate with the excuse of not enough electoral votes.

    The popular vote should the only way to make elections fair.

  15. Basically you’re vote matters more in a small state and REALLY matters in a swing state. Abolish the electoral college it’s undemocratic and wrong.

  16. Federalism is the reason for the Electoral College. POTUS is the leader of all 50 states and therefore is to be elected by the states. State Governors are the leaders of the people and are to be elected by the people.

  17. You know I don’t care about state boundaries when it comes to the president it should be decided solely on the popular vote. It doesn’t matter where the vote comes from it’s a vote we shouldn’t prop up certain votes like we currently do

  18. Should adjust the number from 270 to 350 or whatever 2/3s would be. Should make it harder for people to win so theyd have to work harder to earn enough votes to be president after all they are to represent the all those here once elected so make it they have to get more on their side or keep having elections until someone gets it or if neither 2 parties get the highest voted third party candidate gets elected

  19. I think this video took the wrong approach. It's not the highest states with unfair advantage but the lowest populated states. Mind you the map of those 12 states all look like easy democrat targets in the future apart frim Georgia

  20. So, i gotta question.

    If the number has stayed the same since the sixties, why has it not grown since then with the population?

    Am I missing something here?

  21. RethugliCANTs know best how to supress votes, gerrymander districts in their favor and purge longtime registered voters…beat these cheats in 2020

  22. Your vote for president does not matter all the time, but your municipal votes and state vote for governmental officials matters. But ,I probably still not gunna vote anywhere.

  23. many flaws in the US electoral process. Now that we can see the negative effects of the electoral college and now that the social and economic landscape has changed so much since 1964, it is time to make structural changes to make Elections fairer and more democratic.

  24. Good video. Even a child should grasp this. Without the EC, people living across America in small cities and towns (like this middle-class working tax payer) would have NO VOICE in the elections. NY, CA, NJ, etc. would be choosing the President for the rest of us. THIS is why you hear the democrats trying to get rid of the EC. That's the only way they will win…that and with their new base of ILLEGALS.

  25. Electoral college does not represent popular vote and thus it is defeat for people and victory for Machiavellian politicians.

  26. Like all variables, when you win, it's…'meeeh', but when you lose, it's "NO FAIR!!", and if you're a REAL c-nt, your face looks like Sereena Williams….but mostly, you now see why the Democrats want open borders and votes for illegals.

  27. The founding fathers did this because dipshits would elect people like Hilary Clinton. They knew people were dumbasses and didn’t want it to be a popular vote election.

  28. Small rural states have far more votes than larger (population) and urban states. And that’s BEFORE Gerrymandering!

  29. A strange system of Democracy when the guy with the most votes can lose.The British Parliamentary system isn't perfect either, but it's fairer to the Voter than this one.

  30. If we go with the popular vote, then I think both Fox and CNN and any other media station, should be required to state their political party of choice, publicly. And they should be required to drop the word “news” from their name.

  31. One question … President Trump said the other day he went to Maine for "their one" electoral vote. Is Maine cut up, or what?

  32. Wait its in the constitution, and this "Primary Vote" you can call it the legal term "Electorial College" is being used since the 1960's , so which is it. Also, Each state turns dem or rep as a whole in the end…. why need elctorial college? The population is not what it was, To give the electorial college the right to cancel over hundreds of thousands votes for these strangers, whom is not clear how they are really elegible. This elctorial college is utter non sense when Nixon is elcted twice and people like Trump will be elected again. I fthats what the people want fine, but if suppose to know the magic number of elctorial votes and somehow rich strangers, or just strangers take my vote and hundreds of thousands away/ Electorial in my Strong opinion should either be abolished or set a number of how many votes an Electorial college has 10,000? 1000,000 votes max, but to cancel HUNDREDS of THOUSANDS………insane and at this point immoral. Lets not mention the right to bare arms… How many fatalities already this month? its actually becoming a norm, America has had better days than this.

  33. So then the people's vote dont count???if the people vote for someone and that someone wins by a land slide but the electoral's vote for the other guy and he gets all the electoral votes then he wins???is that how it works??

  34. Maybe what should be done is limit the federal government's power over the states so no matter who's in charge of the country each state can still govern themselves how the people of those states want.

  35. What if your a Republican living in Massachusetts or a Democrat living in Alabama doe your vote count or would you need to move state to make your vote count?

  36. So, no.
    Because the vote is decided by the electoral voters and not the popular vote.
    Say 30 million people voted in an election and all votes went to a Republican candidate.
    But it 270 electoral votes went to a Democratic candidate, the Dem. would win making all 30m votes worthless.

  37. If America were to go for popular votes to pick a president then only 10 states needs to vote for all 50 states. And everyone else doesn't matter. And by stating only 10 states would matter is that these states all vote liberal, and they have a very high population who votes liberal. And if only 10 states matters then they would remove the Constitution and all our rights. Then tax the rich an insane amount per year, and we all know they'll leave America because they have to money to leave the states. And if they choose to jail all people who do not support their Leftist ideology then they will have majority of the right in prison and possibly even executed because the Left loves Marxism and Marxism is genocide.

  38. this doesnt answer the question of does the votes of each person matter, or does a candidate just need to pay or threaten the electors?

  39. If you are still confused, plus what to know reasons for. The Youtube video “Do you Understand the Electoral College?”

  40. I have to know the reason for everything or someone will sale me a bill of good on feelings not facts. The YouTube video “Do You understand the Electoral College?” this does that but go ahead and watch this one.

  41. So the people's vote doesn't matter at all then. The people don't vote for their president. So why let us vote when it doesn't matter

  42. So the answer to the question is:
    Depends. It depends where you live. If you live in a "safe" state, no, your vote does not count if you do not vote with the majority. And this lesson did not answer the question of why the Electoral College was instituted in the first place. It was put in the Constitution because the original framers did not think the average citizen was intelligent enough to elect their own leaders. Therefore this college of intelligent men would be more in the know as to who would better serve the people. That was the theory. And this lesson did not mention exactly how each state selects those electors. If the electors are bound to vote according to the general population vote, …. why the need for the Electoral College? Why not just have the general vote, where everyone's vote counts, decide who wins? It is way past time for a constitutional revision.

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